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Everything posted by peniku8

  1. I've reported my findings to the guys at Hypex and they're looking into it now, will keep you guys updated
  2. The good thing about testing low power amps is that I don't have to fill the loadbank up with water. Random facts: It would take about 10 minutes to heat up the water in the tank to unsafe levels (beyond 60°C) at 3650W, which is the maximum power I can draw from the 230V 16A wall socket. I'd need 500KW of power input to boil the entire body of water within a single 10 second test. A full 10 second test at 5KW would heat up the water from 23°C (room temperature) to about 24°C. Heating the water to 'lukewarm' would take about 5 minutes at full available 3,6KW power intput. Running all heating elements at spec (230V or 3KW each; 48KW total), the water temperature would reach hot tub levels within half a minute.
  3. I'll be posting some measurements of the Hypex FA123 soon. I'll also update my tests to streamline the process a bit. What frequencies would ppl be most interested in? I thought of doing 1k, 60Hz for bass performance and 20Hz for sub-bass performance. I don't wanna take too many measurements, since everything multiplies so a 4 channel amp into 3 different loads with 3 different frequencies already makes 3^3=27 tests (1ch 2ch 4ch; 1khz 60hz 20hz; 8R 4R 2R). I might as well drop the 1ch measurement for 4 channel amps as an edge case like that doesn't make much sense.
  4. I'd love to test this amp with my loadbank. I'd also love to test if it'll explode being driven at max after a while like my Sanway did.
  5. 20Hz tests with 3 +10db low shelves at 50Hz which means +30db at 20Hz: -23V unclipped baseline @ 0db reference -+10db no issues, just clipping -+20db no issues, just clipping -+25db amp shuts down after a few seconds, output muted SCL engaged at 125W4R: -22V unclipped baseline @ 0db reference -nothing changes except the clipping output signal turns into a "clean" signal Master input was at +4db on the amp and I raised that to +14 for signals over 20db into clipping because I ran out of output on my interface Overdrive tests: -SCL set to amp specs (125W@4R) -Clean at 125W (100Hz) -no issues at +3db -no issues at +6db -no issues at +9db -test repeated at 20Hz and 10Hz, no issues -amp goes into protect at 5Hz, but doesn't complain at -1db @lowerFEmaybe all your issues were solved in a firmware update?
  6. Report on the soft clip limiter: test set to 25W 4R (10V in theory), generator at 1kHz -Protect light starts flickering around 11V (30W) but it won't go any higher than that (long term) -attack time was ~5ms when overdriven by 10db followed by a gradual roll off to the target over 50ms -when overdriven by 20db it stays in hard clipping for 30ms then ramps down to the target in less than 1ms -even 20db hot the target is undistorted -10Hz sinve was butchered a bit but didn't look too bad -distortion just below limiter as expected (between 0.001 and 0.003% in my sweep) -3db into limiter 2.5%THD@20Hz; 0.4%@100Hz; 0.04%@1k; 0.004%@10k -10db into limiter the values multiply by 3, values stay the same for 20db+
  7. What firmware version did you experience these issues with? I'll try to replicate this today with my amps running 1.44 which I updated to yesterday. I didn't quite understand your remarks about the soft clip limiter; you say it doesn't work but then you say it reduced output power, isn't that exactly what it's supposed to do? It certainly worked when I tried it, but I haven't monitored the signal so I'm not sure if it was a gain reduction (soft limiting) or a peak reduction (hard limiting). I will run a signal to the amp and loop the output back into my interface to listen back to what it's doing. I'm just sad that you can't change the limiter's attack and release times, it's instantaneous, which doesn't make sense since loudspeakers are not linear devices. The amps have a signal detection and automatic turn off functions, like most HT subwoofers do. My FA123 didn't mute the output signal while it was on and I could hear the noise from a distance of about a foot of the 94db/w/m tweeter. Not an issue there, but certainly audible on an unpadded compression driver (that was with an input signal connected thou and the input gain at around 0db, not sure if the noise came from the amp even). The Pascal amps look higher power but also more expensive (their website was down so I checked a store which had like two modules listed?), to the point where I'd probably consider going Powersoft instead. The digiMod like is certainly on my list of amp candidates for active PA speakers. Not sure about their noise floor, maybe it's not good enough for a HT setup where you want inaudibility of the noise floor on unpadded compression drivers, if that's even achievable, but I don't need multi KW modules on tweeters.
  8. Mine power cycled when I tried to get it to output 20V into 4R at 10Hz (FA123). The FA123 I have consists of a NC122MP, NC100HF and MP-DSP Main plus MP-DSP Digin. You can see better measurements than I could ever take of the NC252MP amp here: https://www.audiosciencereview.com/forum/index.php?threads/buckeye-6-channel-amplifier-review.18579/ I think this one is very interesting and much cheaper than combining their other offerings: https://www.hypex.nl/product/ncas500mp/174 This plus the dsp board is way less than the full FA253 (almost half the price). Dunno if it's available to non OEM customers thou.
  9. I've noticed something very interesting I wouldn't have believed was true when experimenting with my Hypex amps yesterday. These amps needed to be "broken in" with a high level signal or they'll run at unusually high distortion. Sounds like snake oil to me, but heres what I've seen from the data: General info: -Sweep of the audio interface max 0.005% THD 100Hz-24khz (sweep went to 48khz) -THD somehow off rising to 1% at 20Hz (has been RMA'd once, guess it's still slightly damaged) -THD numbers in the following paragraph are mostly constant through the frequency range, so I'm picking a 1khz reference -Load is resistive; no water for cooling because heat dissipation is 100W max. Step by step results: -10V @ no load: 0.003% THD -10V @ 8R: 0.048% THD -10V @ 4R: 0.109% THD -30s 200Hz signal @ 20V into 4R -10V @ 8R: 0.004% THD -10V @ 4R: 0.01% THD Results were verified multiple times (like multiple sweeps @high THD and then multiple sweeps at low THD after 'break-in'). Results were the same for all 6 amps (with 3 channels each) I tested, but some didn't have high THD because I've had them in use before already. Results were the same after I let the amps cool off (always low THD after being 'broken-in'). Results were the same the next day. Whatever happened here, driving the amp modules to their maximum once lowered overall distortion by an order of magnitude (forever?). Maybe someone can help tracing the issue. Whatever generates the current in the amp is affected by this, so it might be the transistors. Might be the solder heating up and changing its properties (but I don't think the amp is getting hot enough for that; at least I hope so because that would be approaching 200°C). Might be the power supply. I'm not an expert in this subject, but I believed that electronics components don't change (excpet caps with age), as long as they're not hardcore overdriven and like literally melting.
  10. RCA, yikes. Graph's looking good! I'd suggest placing a Butterworth 4th order high pass at ~30-35Hz for driver protection and maybe taming that hump down there as well. From the looks of it, you're probably running an acoustic crossover of 120HZ or higher because of that hump at the top. You can use REW to EQ the graph (PEQ like 98Hz -10db Q4 or so), which will clean that up if you add that point to your dsp.
  11. Interesting product, haven't seen that yet. How low will it go? What kind of PEQ did you have on it? I have low passed my TR system at 25Hz because I only want shake, not vibration (which I already get from my sub, and to me, shake from those devices feels unnatural and also unnerving), so anything that won't deliver in the sub 15Hz region is not of interested for me currently. How have you mounted the device to the couch? Do you have the couch mechanically isolated from the ground to get enhanced tactile feedback?
  12. The resulting damping factor will absolutely kill your sound quality. In addition to that, the resistor would probably have to be water cooled, due to the high power dissipation.
  13. I've worked with the Doughty T55510 and it's good, but expensive. Maybe the cheaper Adam Hall SWU 400 T would fit your needs as well. You'd have to make a mounting plate with a 25mm Spigot where the speaker can rest on, but there are also VESA mounting plates with the same spigot, which might work in your case.
  14. I mean, theoretically the entire cab acts as passive radiator, which means it amplifies frequencies. It does that well once those frequencies excite a panel resonance, which will then likely result mostly in harmonic distortion. I 'd guess that this kind of distortion has its own complexities, since, for example, a 3rd order resonance at 333Hz will excite 1khz, which will have a complex directionality emanating from a speaker side wall the size of a few square feet, so it might actually be challenging capturing this behavior reliably with a single microphone, especially if the mic is on-axis, which will probably not pick up many resonances coming from the side panels. Mounting multiple Piezos to the cab might yield good results. Piezos are pretty cheap and I happen to have a dozen (drum triggers). I might do some testing in that regard when I have absolutely nothing better to do at some point in the future 😅 No chance I could find that again, it was buried in the middle of a random thread iirc. What the guy was posting looked quite thorough and well thought out, but I'm not sure how well his simulations would translate to the real world. His conclusion was that his top priority was minimizing panel flex after his research. Maybe those top of the line speakers with strengthening rods and plates inside or filling up the walls with sand has much more of a merit that we might anticipate. Another method I've seen was multi-layer walls EpoxyPaint-Ply-Aluminum-Ply-Resin, which of course makes the production much more complex and the speaker super heavy. Genelec studio monitors are made from cast aluminum entirely and cast metals have decent damping traits due to their porous structure (I think that's the technical explanation at least, might also be due to the crystalline structure). I've opened mine up, which you can see on here.
  15. Pretty cool thread I haven't come across yet. It's filled with knowledge and information; I'll read through the entire thing at some point. If you don't want to do all the measurements manually, you can just buy this, you know: And it's only around 100 grand including some peripherals you'll also need, sounds like a no-brainer to me (sarcasm off: I want it so bad!). Sturdy construction is important for sure. I recently built a few speakers lining the inside with Dynamat-like mats, to minimize panel vibration and I think if you do that, it's better to actually have thin panels, because the wood resonates in itself at some point. Knocking on 3/4" BB ply lined with Dynamat made much more noise than knocking on a 1/4" MDF panel lined with the stuff. That pretty much eliminates higher cabinet vibrations, but panel flex (due to the thin construction) will now cause issues at lower frequencies, which is why you'll need elaborate bracing. Combine that and the cabinet should be pretty dead. In my case, I used 3/4" plywood for the entire cab and used non-symmetric bracing cnc machined to maximize strength (bunch of triangles in the corners). Every (floorstanding) speaker was lined with about 10lbs of the damping mats. I think it would've been better using 1/2" plywood with more bracing instead (I now have a brace about every 8-10"). I've seen a discussion about panel vibration on AVS some time ago and remember someone using a software to simulate/calculate distortion introduced by cab flex and he came to the conclusion that you reach the point fairly quickly where panel vibration makes up the largest part of your distortion when you're using at least half-decent components.
  16. I saw this in IG earlier, but I scrolled so fast I didn't realize it was a whole new design, I thought it was a slight redesign of the existing model. Stats are insane as "usual". Re of 0.26Ohm thou? Recommended to run two series drivers off a single X4L channel (which is running in bridged configuration)? BL²/Re is 1700, but the data sheet says 1600 and that T/S params are not fully accurate for the M-drive type transducers, if I understood that correctly, but holy cow. Has as much surface area as two 21" drivers. Does 5KW. I'm just not fully understanding the sensitivity ratings. Either way, 94db at 0.5V is pretty impressive for a 2.5kg moving mass. Do I want one? No, I want 10.
  17. peniku8


    Did you really just compare two overpriced 13" subs to a 32" sub? I thought about doing this a while back, but I decided to not go that route, as I could imagine that the resulting phase issues would be severe, thereby working against myself (lowering system sensitivity and efficiency). Probably takes a lot of testing/aligning to get right, just like using multiple subs with different tunings (although FIR filters could help you out in the latter scenario).
  18. Thank you, that was actually the fist time I've worked with Warnex (European equivalent of Duratex), but it worked very well. I used two 1KW stage lights to speed up the drying process, which shortened drying time to 15 minutes, which was a massive help. Gonna get some curing lamps for future projects.
  19. I've been using Hex nuts for a while now and they never let me down. They're awesome.
  20. ot, but it always makes me chuckle when I read the word "subsonic" in this context
  21. I think he is planning to run a double bass array, which works best if everything is perfectly symmetric. I'm not sure how well this particular arrangement would work, but I guess it wouldn't hurt to try.
  22. 200€ for the 184.03 is very good, it's about 240 where I usually order. 8 sealed 18" drivers with some 15mm of one way excursion will probably be enough to dig below 20Hz. Maybe not below 10Hz, but that's better handled by dedicated TR devices anyways.
  23. CEA2010 seems straightforward in theory, but is a real PITA in practice. So much so, that people are saying that you can't compare measurements made with different setups/by different people. The results can vary as much as several db, even when everybody thinks their setup is perfect. There is an interesting read on ASR on how temperature influenced bass response and the differences are quite big. I'm certain that would also show up in large signal distortion measurements. I've read somewhere that Don Keele compared his measurements with a loudspeaker manufacturer and somebody from an audio magazine and their results were up to 3db apart at some frequencies. It might've been in the paper I attached, but it also might've been elsewhere. So it's generally advisable to approach and compare those measurements with care. CEA2010 Average.xls CEA-2010.pdf
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