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Droogne last won the day on April 1 2018

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  1. I went with the rule of thumb stating that a slotted port ( using the wall of the cab) should have its (height/2) added to get an estimation of equivalent port length.
  2. Also @Ricci, how did you determine port length? If I go by the length through the center of the port (659,8mm+153mm = 812,8m) + 1/2 of the port height (135/2 = 67,5mm) I get 880,3mm, not the 857,1mm you listed in the parameters.
  3. Anyone with Skrams who has done some vent related tests? Compression and chuffing when pushing it.
  4. As far as I can tell compression doesnt relate to in/outflow patterns, but rather core turbulence aka the tube itself. Flaring wont change that. Only circumference and area. I have been reading through https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1gKnCRgylLcMnAya0dvc3NDZkE/view the last few days. Havent gotten through the most parts yet, but will try to see how much usefull info I can get out of it. I'm not technically educated, although I have had a lot of sciences (I'm a doctor), sohopefully I'll be able to plough through. Especilly in the Skram! The almost squares do help. But as you mentioned, primarly the area will be the determining factor. In the end I will probably end up building my adjusted Skram with the same port dimensions, as its proven to work well in the Skhorn, which should do it way worse than the Skram. Its just for future designs nice to know what is important and whats not. Looking at the Skram and Skhorn as a 'case-study' is important in that process.
  5. I tend to agree, but if you follow my comments earlier you can see that by using a square/less rectangular port and removing port dividers would allow to use a smaller area because there is less friction.. So yes, no port dividers and a more squarely shape would give less bracing to the outer wall BUT the smaller port would give more bracing (or would take in less wall space, so would allow for more bracing) . I think if you meet it somewhere in the middle there can something he gained. It would also allow for a smaller cabin, which is sturdier in itself. Also agree. I just want to know it precisely because if you can achieve the same amount of compression with a smaller port you save up space. In other designs it could allow for longer ports (not so relevant in the Skram/SKhorn) I was actually planning on maybe using 'concrete plywood' (the dutch word, I don't know the English one.) its basicly plywood with a thin but very smooth layer on it. Specifically made to be smooth (and waterproof) actually. Wouldn't be much harder to work with than with regular ply, so I don't see why not.
  6. Also @Ricci, what is your opinion on using a rectangular port instead of a squared/rounded one? Design wise it's obvious why you decided on using a rectangular one, but by my calculations (based on info from the Flare-it app (https://www.subwoofer-builder.com/flare-testing.htm) using an elongated port like the one in the Skram or Skhorn decreases the required velocity where port compression starts by almost 50%! I calculated velocity where compression start for the Skhorn (with IPAL), which resulted in around 40m/sec at 30hz. If youre interested I could PM/post my calculations here. In any case it seems to correlate with what people are noticing in their Skhorns. Using a square port with the same area I got a 80m/sec value. As port compression results from core turbulence (something that isnt influenced (much) by flares) due to friction/turbulence with the walls, the bigger (wall-circumference : area ratio) of a rectangular port results in compression at lower velocities. For the Skhorn the ratio is exactly 153% bigger (0,29) than for a square port (0,19) with the same area (418cm²), and increases further to 190% (0,37) when considering the dividers which add a lot of wall surface. Going back to the Skram we can ofcourse see that the bigger ports help reducing velocity, but as compression happens at a certain velocity at a specific port area the bigger ports of the Skram can also take on higher velocities before compressing. So both lower velocity, and better toleration of high velocities. Win win. Sadly, we do find the same 'problem' because the Skram is still has a very rectangular port which uses even more port dividers. The ratio is around 195% higher than a square version would, but the circumference/area ratio is still way better than the Skhorn (0,29 for the Skram vs the 0,37 of the Skhorn) so it will be able to take on higher velocities. Peniku did make me aware of the fact that panel vibration could be a problem when using square ports, but its clear that you dont need square ports to take advantage of this. Using less dividers (so less tuning opportunity and structural rigidity) or port which are less rectangular could help reduce compression OR help making ports smaller without changing compression. Pick which one you need
  7. Yesss! Sorry I hadnt posted my conclussion, but here is what I realised and left in message to peniku: 'It dawned on me that using sloped ports (so eg 250=>500=>750 instead of the regular straight, eg 500=>500) is wrong for the same reason[creating a bottleneck]. Port compression would occur sooner because you start with a throat that is smaller, so higher velocity at the throat in the sloped design than wherever in the straight design. I will not be going that route afterall for that reason.' So yes, I realised exactly what you just said I can post the modelling in hornresp here, but you already understand what I mean. Also, wouldnt noise created at the throat (if your using a horn shaped port) be 'hornloaded'. So the noise would be created deeper in the cabin, but it would be increased.
  8. Didnt think about that, thats true. Could you theoreticaly model this by the 'pressure' function? In any case, bit of a derailment here, so I'm just gonna start a side topic to explore this further. What I noticed was that the peak sound pressure in the mouth was around the same in at mouth (around 9-10 pascals, and a little bit lower for the sloped port) and exactly the same at the throat. So going from this I dont see a disadvantage of doing it like this. Lowering the velocity by at least 25%, without increassing pressure (if this is related to power compression ofcourse).
  9. Could this same principle be applied to a port? No idea how this would effect tuning though. In trying to see the influence a sloped port has on the velocity I modelled it as a rear loaded horn. Doing it like this requires some parameter juggling etc, but I did manage to create the almost exact same response for the 'rear loaded horn' as for the port in my Skram version. Modelled velocities only differed slightly. Parameters (my version has a 183L chamber, aka 183000 Vtc. Modelling done with the 21" LaVoce). Velocities port modelled as portport modelled as rear loaded horn To try see if a sloped approach could work I tried out a few different parameters. Goals: 1. Keep the port output the same 2. keep the port volume the same 3. use the bends to make up the horn (in my case, 35cm and 50cm) Then we get the following input: Which results in the following velocity at the mouth: This is significantly lower than the normal unsloped port, from 33m/sec to 25m/sec. Granted, the velocity at S2 and port mouth is enormously high, but S2 is 50cm away from the mouth and and the horn throat 85cm, which might limit the audibility of the port?
  10. Thinking about the size I thought of changing the dimensions while keeping the specs the same. This would end up being a 60 x 60 x 120cm cabin. Would this work? Also, could I make the horn part straight (so S1=S2=S3) as long as it models correctly?
  11. I've asked this before, but I'd like to know if the Beyma 21SW1600ND would be a close match to the cheaper drivers. I can get a pair for 450, and my initial modelling (based on the manufacturers disclosed specs) are great. Anyone who can chime in?
  12. Me being in the EU makes the Eminence harder to get than the IPAL, sadly I think I got the modelling right (checked vs the models listed above here), but still not sure to model with or without lossy Le. Thanks for running me through the process! At this moment I have a pair of Sundown Audio ZV4 18D2 drivers, so I modelled them for reference. Keeping aside pragmatic problems (it being an 18" driver with a huge rubber hangup) I quite like this. A 5-10dB gain to the sealed I have right now, and only 2dB loss vs the 'cheaper' 21"ers mentioned above. All ports open (for reference) Compared to the sealed config I have them in now: Sealed, 140L
  13. Thanks! Awesome tool! I cant pick 'Lossy Le' when doing this, might explain some different values between us. What would be the most accurate modelling, lossy Le ON or OFF? In any case, this is what I get with the 2-port configuration (the one I'm most interested in for modelling) using their respective max voltage inputs and Xmax: SW152 La Voce IPAL 21 Looks like 2-3dB might be closer. Considering the LaVoce is about half of the price of the IPAL, is readily available and is much more amplifier friendly I will probably go with that one. I was briefly considering using a 5000W 2 ohm car amplifier with an AC/DC transformator, but that seems somewhat complex to work out. PS: how do I put all these graphs over each other?
  14. How do you get these kind of graphs? I see youre graph shows a 3dB, not 6 tot 8dB difference. I havent figured out how to compare several graphs like you. I modelled it based on the displacement graph in the wiazrd function: This graph shows the displacement of the SW152 in the 2 port configuration at full 2000W 4ohm (89V, GRAY). Xmax is listed at 15mm, so you can see it maxes out at ~42Hz. When I reduce the volts to 62 you can see it stays below the 15mm Xmax. This results in the following output, which shows a 3-4dB loss due to reduced input. When I do this for the IPAL 21 I get the following graphs, showing an Xmax that alway stays below the listed 22mm. Comparing those: IPAL 21 SW152 => I dont know if I made a mistake earlier, as the difference isnt that big anymore, but still. At 20hz there is a major advantage for the IPAL (at least in a 2 port config). 20hz: 125dB vs 118db aka 7dB 30hz: 125dB vs 123dB aka 2dB 40hz: 128dB vs 124dB aka 4dB DISCLAIMER: i'm new to modelling, so dont take these results for what they are.
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